25 Essential Tips For Growing Cannabis Outdoors
The outdoor cannabis cultivation has the specificity of depending on the conditions imposed by Mother Nature. The number one problem for outdoor cannabis growers are pests and diseases, capable of devastating a good part of the harvest. Before you start cultivating at all costs, take the time to read these few lines: it will save you from committing the rookie mistakes the most common ones and wasting your precious euros!
- Get informed. There are many books, culture blogs, grower forums and other tools specializing in outdoor cannabis cultivation. Before investing in cultivation equipment, it is best to learn from specialists.
- Prioritize security. Avoid planting in plain sight. It would be a shame if thieves seized your harvest for lack of discretion.
- Don’t be too slurred. No need to flaunt your activities as a cannabis grower: reserve your confidences to trusted friends. The less people know, the fewer problems you will have.
- Choose the variety that suits you. It is essential to obtain a good harvest. A good strain is a strain that produces good weed, while being suited to your level of knowledge as a grower. To help you, see our cannabis strain selection guide.
- Choose your growing medium. Are you sure of the quality of the land you have to cultivate? If the answer is NO, it is better to invest in a good substrate to put the odds on your side.
- Choose a voucher fertilizer. If you lack experience, we advise you to opt for organic fertilizers: they are gentler and the risk of over-fertilizing your plants (one of the most common mistakes among novice growers) is lower.
- Don’t plant too early. Especially if you are growing from cuttings. In most parts of the Iberian Peninsula, there are not enough hours of daily sunshine before June to allow plants to enter the vegetative phase. If you plant too early, your feet may start to flower, which is undesirable.
- Choose a sunny spot. Plants need sunlight to photosynthesize and grow. Your chosen location should receive at least 5 hours of direct sunlight per day.
- Water with quality water. Before you start planting, find out about the quality of your water. In some areas, city water is of insufficient quality to support good cannabis growth. In this case, we recommend that you buy bottled water or invest in a water heater. reverse osmosis (depending on the size of your installation).
- Adjust the pH of your watering solution. Monitoring the acidity level of your water + nutrient mixture is essential for the proper development of your cannabis plants. Most often, adding a pH lowereris needed to maintain the pH level between 5.8 and 6.3. Consider equipping yourself with a pH meter.
- Measure the electroconductivity of your water. The measurement ofelectroconductivity (EC) allows you to control the concentration of salts in your water. Too much fertilizer leads to slower growth, and too little fertilizer leads to deficiencies.
- Water the right amount. Both excess and lack of water are harmful to plants. We recommend reading our blog post on the subject: How to water your cannabis plants.
- Prune your plants. Growing outdoors results in good sized buds on the upper part of the plant, and lower quality buds on the lower branches. Properly prune your plants optimizes the volume and quality of the harvest. Consider equipping yourself with scissors precision.
- Control the height of your plants. Tall plants catch the eye. Better to grow several medium-sized plants than one or two three-meter-tall “monsters” that can be detected for miles around.
- Beware of the white fly. It is during the summer months that this small flying insect is usually a problem. Its bites promote the transmission of viruses and reduce the surface of the leaf capable of capturing sunlight. Install traps adhesives to prevent the spread of this pest.
- Protect yourself against thrips. It is a difficult species to control outdoors, due to its small size and ability to feed on many other plants. A good way to control its proliferation is to combine the application of potassium soap and insecticide Trabe’s NeemAzal.
- Beware of the Red Spider. The red spider mite can reproduce at a frantic pace when the right conditions are met (high temperatures and low humidity), especially in the months of June and August. These mites cover the flowers with a cobweb, thereby ravaging the crop.
- Watch out for powdery mildew. This fungus usually breaks out when the nights begin to cool. We recommend that you read our blog post dedicated to the subject: How to fight powdery mildew.
- Watch out for tracks. It is without hesitation the worst pest attacking outdoor crops. This insect can cause wounds that can attract other pests. Here is a blog post to help you fight against caterpillars.
- Rinse the roots of your plants. Your plants need to eliminate any excess salts accumulated in the substrate, especially if you have opted for mineral fertilizers. There are many rinsing products on the market, which cause the plant to yellow: this is the first sign of well-rinsed roots. the Canna Flush and the Hesi PowerZyme are two good options.
- Cut at the right time. The choice of harvest time cannot be left to chance. The period of time during which harvesting can take place is very short. Before, your weed will be low psychoactive; afterwards, it will lose its organoleptic properties.
- Dry your plants well. The drying phase is as important as the cultivation phase. We advise you to read our blog article dedicated to the subject: How to dry your cannabis. The ripening phase is just as crucial: it takes at least a month to curing to grass to reveal its true nature.
- Put your harvest surpluses to good use. We recommend that you cut off the largest and best-formed flowers, and reserve all the lower part of the plant to resin extraction. This will save you wasting time cutting low quality raw material, and you will get an exceptional ice-o-lator.
- Take the time to refine your weed. Don’t rush to smoke it. The longer you let your weed cure after drying, the better it will be. It is not before two months of refining that the grass expresses all its aromatic nuances.
- Enjoy!! Remember that self-production is a hobby. The more positive energy you put into it, the better the result will be. No need to spend your days there. Give it the time you need, and leave the rest to nature!
That’s all for today, see you at the next article! We will give you new tips. As usual, we invite you to send us your questions and comments. Hello from the Cactus team! See you soon !