Growing marijuana on your balcony
Marijuana growers often have a problem with space to grow their expensive cannabis plants. This is why cultivation on balconies is fashionable, especially in urban areas.
We are going to explain to you how to obtain the best results on your balconies in complete discretion.
You will have to start by calculating the space you have and thus knowing how many pots and plants you can install for an optimal and productive culture.
Photodependent or autoflowering?
Before deciding between photodependent Where autoflowering it will be necessary to evaluate several factors starting with the sunshine of your balcony. Taking the orientation into account is essential for the smooth running and optimal yield of your crop. It is best if your plants receive at least 5 or 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Those who have a south-facing balcony are lucky people bathed in the natural light of the morning to evening! However, pay attention to the intensity of direct sunlight depending on where you live. If it turns out to be too intense, you will need to protect your plants.
Balconies facing north, or those located in narrow streets, with significantly insufficient light exposure will produce cannabis plants weaklings who will have problems to flower and develop.
It will also be necessary to take into account the weather situation affecting our cultures. Strong winds, rain or humidity are all factors that will damage the branches or favor the appearance of pests and diseases.
- Photodependent varieties: these plants are conditioned by a specific photoperiod to trigger their flowering. In the case of marijuana, flowering begins when the plant is exposed to a cycle of 12 hours of light and 12 of darkness. The longer these plants stay in one growth cycle, the denser and taller they will be, which is sure to cause problems on a balcony. You will have to be very attentive to light pollution (street lamps, neon signs, etc.) because if your photodependent plants don’t have at least 12 hours of uninterrupted darknessthey will not flower. If you live in a humid area with high pest risks and want to grow a variety photodependentwe recommend our varieties F1 Fast Version® strainsthey are photodependent plants with ultra-fast flowering that will allow you to shorten flowering by one to two weeks.
- Autoflowering strains: these plants begin their flowering cycle based on age, not photoperiod. The autoflowering varieties are particularly fast and start flowering when they are between two and four weeks old. They are harvested between two and four months after the germination of the seeds. amount of light they receive is therefore an essential element to obtain a correct production with this type of plants: the more they are exposed to the sun, the bigger they will be and the better their yield will be.
It is the best choice for those who only have a small space and want to remain discreet while harvesting quickly.
Additionally, you can choose varieties from the The Red Familyautoflowering seeds with red flowers, to bring a touch of color to your balcony.
Choosing the Right Marijuana Strain
This is an extremely important element since the care, growth and development of the plants will be completely different depending on the variety grown.
- Indica-dominant strains: they are generally stocky plants developing a compact structure and flowering more quickly than sativas. It is therefore a relevant choice for a balcony cultivation when you have little space and you want a discreet cultivation of small plants.
Among the wide variety of indica-dominant seeds offered by Sweet Seeds®, we recommend a few easy-to-grow and fast-flowering varieties: Cream Caramel® (SWS04)the Sweet Afgani Delicious S1® (SWS02)the Green Poison Auto® (SWS30)and the Red Poison Auto® (SWS39).
- Sativa-dominant strains: unlike indica varieties, sativa plants flower more slowly after more growth. Growth will have to be controlled if you choose this type of plant while wishing to remain discreet. The ideal will be to use some cultivation techniques like the FIM sizethe Low Stress Training (LST)the Main liningthe ScrOg (Screen of Green) where the SOG (Sea of Green) in order to control the height of the plants while maintaining a good yield. However, you will need to have a solid knowledge to use these techniques correctly.
- Hybrid varieties: they come from crosses between indica and sativa plants. These hybrids inherit characteristics from both families and produce medium-sized cannabis plants with a longer flowering cycle than indicas but shorter than indicas. sativa.It is a good option to get plants that grow reasonably.
Some tips for growing on your balcony
- Use the appropriate pots: if the plants are in full sun, the roots can be subjected to temperatures above 40ºC, which in itself is a problem. The solution is easy: use white pots and protect them from the sun so that the earth does not heat up too much. The size of the container is also important since it determines the size of the plant. For a discreet culture, you can consider a smaller pot in order to control and limit the growth of the plant.
- The floor of the balcony: if the soil heats up from the sun, the soil and roots in the pots will also heat up. It is therefore advisable to water the floor of the balcony to prevent it from overheating. You can also choose to isolate the plants from the ground or raise them.
- The wind : if your balcony is subject to strong winds, you will need to use stones, stakes or fixing systems to avoid damage.
- Odor control: this is an important point in relation to the neighborhood which could be disturbed by the scent of plants. This in itself is a difficult task which becomes even more complicated if we cultivate in balconies and we cannot install filters or ventilation systems. The simplest solution is to sow aromatic plants around the crop to hide it and mask its smell.
- Feminized seeds: it is an essential choice so as not to waste time or space with possible male plants.
- Light control: this point concerns, as we have seen previously, only photodependent plants. In this case, all light sources that will affect the photoperiod of the plant must be controlled.
Pest and disease prevention
When we cultivate in the open air, our plants are continuously exposed to the attacks of many pests. We keep saying it, the best attack is prevention. This is why we advise you to apply preventive biological treatments in order to avoid possible attacks.
One of the best options is companion planting. The cohabitation with aromatic plants allows both to hide our plants of cannabis and acts as a repellent for many insects:
- Chamomile: its color attracts many insects such as wasps or ladybugs. It is also a natural insecticide for aphids.
- Petunias: effective against aphids, bedbugs and beetles.
- Worry : more palatable to insects than our delicious marijuana. Repels aphids, whiteflies (white flies) and bedbugs.
- Garlic : very effective in preventing and treating attacks by spider mites, worms, aphids and other mites. Its aroma is an ecological repellent.
- Basil : it attracts many beneficial insects. It is effective against thrips, aphids and whiteflies.
- Rosemary and sage: repels many insects and is effective in repelling caterpillars and whiteflies.
- Thyme: a whitefly repellent.
- Lavender : This elegant plant will keep moths, aphids, and spiders away from your marijuana grow op.
Now you have no more excuses not to start your growing marijuana on a balcony. It is only a question of organization, planning and arrangement of space. With proper care, you don’t need large spaces to plant your cannabis seeds.
Enjoy your harvest!
Sweet Seeds SL is not responsible for the improper use of the information contained in this article. La coltivazione di cannabis può costituire reato penale o illecito amministrativo; if prega di fare riferimento alla legislazione sulla cannabis nel proprio luogo di residenza. Sweet Seeds SL non intende in alcun caso istigare pratiche non legali.
Text: @Sweet Seeds®