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How to Grow and Grow Bermuda Grass the Right Way

Comment cultiver et faire pousser l’herbe des Bermudes de la bonne manière

How to Grow and Grow Bermuda Grass the Right Way

Bermuda grass is one of those varieties of grass that has extensive growth and is therefore popularly found on lawns, parks, sports fields (especially golf courses) and pastures. Although it goes dormant in winter, it has the ability to ‘come back from the dead’ once the temperature rises. The methods and tips discussed here will help you know the methods of growing Bermuda grass.

Cynodon dactylon, or the famous Bermuda grass, is a warm season perennial grass. It was first brought to America by the Spaniards in the 16th century from southeastern Africa. It is characterized by gray-green strands, slightly purple flattened stems and deep roots. The reason Bermuda grass is widely used is that it is not very expensive, grows quickly, and is not greatly affected by constant foot traffic. The cultivation of Bermuda grass is easy in sunny places, while its growth is hampered by cold weather or too much humidity. Well-drained areas with tropical and subtropical climates are ideal for growing Bermuda grass. However, many “cold hardy varieties” (such as Rivera, Yukon, and Mohawk) have been introduced in recent times.

Bermuda Grass Growing Methods

Bermuda grass can be grown using blades of grass or lawn, plugs, sod or seeds. Hybrid varieties of this grass cannot be sown. There are three things to do before establishing a new lawn.

● First, test the ground the area in which you wish to grow Bermuda grass.

● Second, loosen the soil to about 4 to 6 inches deep.

● Third, fertilize soil based on soil test reports.

For successful establishment of Bermuda turf using sod, plugs, or sprigs, the soil temperature must be above 55ºF for several weeks continuously.

Method 1 : When establishing Bermuda turf sod, water the soil before laying the lawn on the surface. Then place the lawn rectangles on the loosened, moist soil. Make sure the ends of the lawn rectangles are not not in a straight line or in suitable rows and columns. Walk on the turf or use a garden roller to lightly press the turf to make adequate contact with the ground.

Method 2 : Clods are smaller versions (mostly cut pieces) of turf and can be laid in the same way as turf rectangles. For fast-growing Bermuda grass, place the plugs closer together and for long-term (and large-area) grass, spread the Bermuda grass plugs evenly over the entire area.

Method 3 : Bermuda Grass Primers include the crown of the plant, stolons and underground rhizomes. They should be planted 2 inches deep in 35 inch rows.

Growing Bermuda Sod From Seed

The most economical way to grow grass is from seed. But special attention should be paid to certain factors when growing Bermuda grass from seed. Some of the most important are discussed below.

Temperature : A soil temperature of around 70ºF or higher is ideal for planting Bermuda grass seeds. This temperature is found after 80-90 days of constant high temperature during the day. Bermuda grass growth activity stops when the temperature drops below 60ºF at night.

Time : It is generally recommended that Bermuda grass seed be established in early summer (before the end of August). Bermuda grass seed is usually planted two and a half months before first frost in most northern states and two months before first frost in southern states.
(The dormant seedling can be done in mid-winter when the temperature is stable at 60-65ºF. The seeds are planted and left dormant until the temperature rises above 65ºF in the spring. This method is not commonly followed because, there is a high risk of Bermuda grass seeds rotting, if the low temperature persists for a long time and the soil becomes saturated with moisture.).

Quantities : For every 1000 square meters, use 2 to 3 pounds of Bermuda grass seed, 9 to 10 kg of raw seed for each acre in a new establishment and 14 to 17 pounds of coated Bermuda grass seed for each acre in a new establishment of pasture.

Depth : Bermuda seeds should be sown 1/8″ or less deep for optimum growth. (Bermuda seeds should never be planted more than 1/4″ deep in the ground). To deter birds and promote moisture retention, cover the surface with a mixture of manure compost.

Humidity : In the early stages of germination, provide (and maintain) adequate surface moisture (not too much or too little) and maintain soil moisture throughout the germination phase. Adjust the water supply deeply, but frequently, once the Bermuda grass is established.

Germination begins within a week of planting and takes almost 20 days from the first shoot to complete. Normally, the time to achieve full coverage of Bermuda grass is 10 weeks, but it could differ due to other factors (planting season, temperature and humidity)

The cultivation of Bermuda grass is not over yet.

Tips for Growing Bermuda Sod

● Bermuda sod grows best in soil with a pH of 5.5 or higher. free of all dormant weeds or shoots from previous plantings.

● Level the surface with pulverized soil about 5 inches before planting the seeds.

● It is best to fertilize the soil in the morning or evening and water the area well after that.

● Plan the irrigation system (including the layout of the sprinklers) and the edges of the lawn, before establishing the Bermuda lawn.

● Use a drop spreader to sow grass seed when planting common bermuda.

● Be sure to maintain sufficient ground contact between the turf, corks, sprigs or bermuda seeds and the ground.

● Many Bermuda grass varieties do not mix well with seed varieties (especially common Bermuda grass varieties).

● Avoid overseeding Bermuda turf completely with ryegrass during the first winter season.

● When overseeding Bermuda grass with others, ensure sufficient soil contact and use plant growth regulators if necessary.

One of the main disadvantages of planting Bermuda grass in an area is that it tends to “kill” other surrounding plants. To avoid this, keep edging it constantly and apply herbicides from time to time. Like any other variety of turf, bermuda turf maintenance should be done regularly. The other disadvantage of this grass is that it is difficult to get rid of once it has been planted. When you decide to uproot the grass, completely dig up the extensive root system and use the glyphosate repeatedly for some time. On the bright side, Bermudian lawns establish themselves within a year, sometimes 60 to 90 days. Also, once the grass has grown, it becomes resilient to drought and heat, and covers the area extensively.

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