How To Grow Cannabis At Home – Complete Guide
We’ve made growing high-quality cannabis super easy with our beginner’s guides. Learn everything you need to know about growing cannabis for the first time, diagnosing problems, and how to set up a grow indoors or outdoors.
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Growing your own cannabis plants isn’t difficult, but if you want great results, it’s best to do some research first. You need to know what cannabis plants need so they can grow into healthy mature plants that produce good amounts of nice smelling buds. To meet the needs of cannabis plants, most growers will first need to make preparations.
Cannabis is a plant and, like any other plant, it needs 4 essential elements to flourish.
Light – Water – Nutrients – Fresh air
If you can provide each of these elements, then you have a good chance of seeing your cannabis plant grow healthily and give you a nice reward in the end.
Let’s go through each of these elements:
Light is essential for photosynthesis, which is the main function carried out by plants. Sunlight (or artificial light) provides the fuel for plants to grow, absorb nutrients and, most importantly, develop good buds. The light spectrum and exposure time will need to be adjusted for the vegetative and flowering phases. Cannabis growers often say “more light = more bud”.
Water is life for most living organisms on planet earth. To keep your plants in top form, you need to know how, when and how much water to give them. How much and how often you water depends on the genetics used, your growing method, the climate, and of course the size of your plant.
In addition to water and light, cannabis plants need a variety of nutrients. If you walk into a grow shop and look at the “All-In-One” nutrient bottles, you will immediately notice the following three letter combination: NPK. This represents the ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), the 3 nutrients that cannabis plants consume in large amounts. Nutrients can be either organic or synthetic.
For outdoor growers, fresh air is easy to obtain. But when growing indoors, ensuring good air circulation is vital. Plants use carbon dioxide from the air to create food and sugars. The oxygen in the air is used for respiration (breaking down food to produce energy).
In addition to the 4 elements mentioned above, it will also be necessary to keep an eye on a few other aspects. Originally, cannabis grows in tropical and sub-tropical regions. This implies that he is accustomed to certain living conditions, such as a hot temperature, 40-60% humidity and specific pH levels in the culture medium.
MAKE YOUR CHOICE AND PREPARE EVERYTHING
Before you even start growing, you must first make choices. The two most important questions to ask yourself first are:
- Will you be growing indoors or outdoors?
- What variety are you going to grow?
INDOOR OR OUTDOOR?
For the true cannabis enthusiast, nothing is more beautiful than admiring a healthy cannabis plant that can enjoy the sun outdoors during a beautiful, hot summer. The outdoor grower who is lucky enough to live in a suitable location doesn’t need much. The plants will grow in the ground, or in large pots filled with soil. It’s a good idea to have some fertilizer on hand and add a little extra water if needed, but normally mother nature will do the rest of the work.
Unfortunately, not everyone is lucky enough to have a living environment that can make a cannabis plant happy. Additionally, it is not possible for many to grow outdoors for legal reasons and cannabis plants should therefore be grown inconspicuously. Fortunately, cannabis is a plant that is also easily grown indoors. But the indoor grower has more to deal with.
A growing space will need to be created, providing the right conditions for cannabis plants to thrive. It is a closed room with suitable temperature and humidity, fresh air and an advanced lighting system (HID lamps or LED lamps). If you want to avoid the smell (and most indoor growers do), you’ll need to add a carbon filter to your air extraction system.
There are literally thousands of different strains of cannabis. All these varieties have their own characteristics. It is therefore important to delve into it in advance. Choosing the right strain is a critical process for the home grower. This helps to avoid disappointment later on.
Want the classic indica body high, or the euphoric high of a pure sativa? Or maybe a mixture of these effects? What type of taste and smell do you prefer? High in THC or high in CBD? Do you have the time, or do you want a strain to harvest very quickly?
In our Variety Database, you can find more than 1500 different varieties of cannabis, listed in alphabetical order. Each variety is accompanied by a description, photos and all its characteristics clearly indicated. Thanks to ratings, you can also get a good idea of what other people think.
To facilitate your search, there is the Hall of fame along with all the classic strains and other superstars that have contributed to the incredible variety of genetics available to us today. In the category of Top 10 Lists, you will find the 10 best varieties, each time around a different characteristic. This wide range of genetics is due to the many seed breeders and banks of the whole world. There are over 100 in our Strain Database.
If you are looking for a strain with one or more specific properties, take a quick look at our StrainFinder search tool. With the StrainFinderyou can quickly find the perfect strain for you.