How to grow CBD at home – CBD Bicycle
Lifestyle / CBD Cultivation/Do it yourself CBD
The vast majority of CBD flower consumers have certainly thought about what it would be like to have their own CBD plant at home and, therefore, their own source of cannabidiol.
In order to guarantee a good harvest, we have listed the basic elements to take into account when starting:
The first thing to consider when deciding to grow your own CBD plant is deciding how to grow it, indoors (with artificial light) or outdoors (with natural light). Indoor cultivation has advantages, such as the possibility of planting any day of the year, in any minimal space that allows light and air to pass through. In addition, the plants will be better protected, not only from pests and climatic changes, but also from the curiosity of others, since it is a rather discreet style of cultivation. Outdoor cultivation also has advantages, because it involves much lower initial costs and infrastructure maintenance.
Choosing between growing indoors or outdoors is one of the first steps to start planting.
Light for growing CBD
The most fundamental function of plants being photosynthesis, light, whether it comes from the sun or artificial lighting, is essential for them. Without sufficient light, cannabis plants will not have the minimum needed to grow and develop buds. It is therefore said that the more light there is, the more flowers there are. At each vegetative and flowering stage of the plant, the exposure time must be adjusted.
During the natural vegetative phase of cannabis, i.e. spring and summer, the sun rises quickly and stays in the sky for a long time. This allows the plant to grow in size and develop many roots.
During the natural flowering phase of cannabis, which occurs in late summer and autumn, the sun rises more slowly throughout the seasons and stays lower in the sky for less time. This tells the plant it’s time to stop sprouting and start flowering.
Water and humidity for growing CBD
Water is a vital element for almost all organisms on the planet, and without it, plants obviously cannot live. Ideally, however, you should establish a watering schedule, with times, quantities and methods chosen, and based on the relative humidity of the air. Plant genes, growing method, local climate, time of year, and plant size will determine how much and how often you water, and whether you need to remove or add soil. humidity to the environment.
Soil and Nutrients
Cannabis plants not only live on light and water, but they also need fertile soil and essential nutrients to grow and thrive. Today there are many options of natural or synthetic fertilizers with different mixtures of elements. The basic fertilizer that we recommend you use is a product containing nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), the 3 most necessary nutrients for cannabis plants, although we always recommend a fertilizer containing calcium and magnesium.
Without the right light, cannabis plants will not have the minimum required to grow and develop buds.
Air for CBD cultivation
Cannabis plants need oxygen and carbon dioxide from the air to produce energy and food. If you’ve chosen to grow outdoors, you probably have a space with clean air, so you won’t have much trouble with that. For those growing indoors, you will need to ensure that your plants have adequate air circulation.
Ideal temperature for growing CBD
Temperature for cannabis is a combination of light, temperature and humidity. This is an extremely important factor, as it can slow the growth or development of cannabinoids and even alter the aroma and taste.
In summary, the ideal temperatures for each life stage of the cannabis plant are as follows:
Germination and flowering: 22ºC to 24ºC degrees, never more or less in any state of germination and flowering, although the plants can tolerate extreme heat up to 28 degrees, which is very bad for good growth.
As for the humidity for clones, between 80% and 90% in the vegetative stage, between 65% and 75% in the preflowering stage and after about 2 weeks reduce it to 45% to 65%.
Drying and curing CBD flowers
Proper drying is part of the process to obtain quality CBD flowers, so it is necessary to regulate the temperature of the cultivation of hemp plants during this process. For proper drying, the temperature should be between 18 and 20ºC. Humidity while drying CBD should drop to a maximum of 30-40%.
PH for CBD cultivation
When growing a cannabidiol plant, it is important to know the pH values of the irrigation water to ensure that all the nutrients provided can be absorbed by the roots of the plant. An imbalanced pH leads to a buildup of minerals in the growing medium and the plant will therefore not be able to absorb the necessary nutrients. Even when the pH is at an ideal level, nutritional deficiencies can still occur, but at the same time they are much easier to treat to restore normalcy.
We therefore recommend keeping the pH of the water between 6.2 and 6.5 at the vegetative stage of the plants and between 6.5 and 6.7 at the flowering stage.
Choice of CBD strain
Once you’ve thought through all the details of what your grow will look like, it’s time to decide which strain to plant. There are many factors to take into account, especially depending on the cultivation method chosen and the temperature to which the plant will be subjected, since there are strains that are better adapted to certain conditions than others. Here are some of the criteria to consider before buying your seeds:
According to their category: regular, feminized, photoperiod or indigenous.
Common seeds are the most traditional, without genetic interventions or selections, so when grown they can germinate both male and female plants. If your goal is to become a CBD hemp grower, you’ll need both, but if your goal is simply to enjoy the harvest, you’ll need to get rid of the male plants so you can identify them to prevent the females from pollinating.
Feminized seeds in turn only produce female plants, so there is no need to select them after planting. They will produce resin-rich flowers that need around 18-24 hours of light in the vegetative stage and 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness in the flowering stage.
In general, normal seeds are photoperiodic, which means that they react normally to seasonal light changes and need day and night light changes to mature.
In contrast, autoflowering CBD plants start flowering on their own based on weather conditions rather than light exposure, so they don’t need fluctuations to complete their cycle. Autoflowering seeds are also feminized, do not produce male plants and mature approximately half as fast as some light period strains. They may therefore be the best choice for those who are just starting out.
According to their appearance: sativa or indica
Indica plants are generally sturdier, with a shorter stature. They take longer to develop vegetatively, but they have the fastest flowering phase and can increase in size by up to 100% during this phase. Sativas, on the other hand, tend to be taller, have a short vegetative period, but take longer in their flowering phase. Their size also tends to increase considerably during this phase, which means that the plant can reach a growth of 300%.
Not only are the structure of indica and sativa plants different, but their buds are also different. Sativas tend to produce elongated, loose or fluffy, somewhat lighter flowers. On the other hand, Indica buds tend to grow compact and closer to the nodes of the plant, causing the plant to weigh more, even though it is smaller in size.
Are you ready to start your own culture? Although it may take some work and dedication, the result of a well-maintained culture is always worth it. For those who see too much work, you can always count on the flowers of CBD Bicycle.